Thyroid Gland Disorders

Increased awareness of thyroid disorders to be one topic of Asia Oceania Thyroid Association (AOTA) Congress in Bali, on Monday (22/10). Congress which takes place October 22 to 24 followed by endocrinologists from Asia-Pacific countries, including Japan and Australia, it also examines the progress of treatment of thyroid disorders.

In a press conference, Chairman of the Congress of AOTA Johan S Masjhur said the symptoms of thyroid disorder is often not recognized. Therefore, tend to be ignored by the public. In fact, examination of thyroid abnormalities can be performed in a general practitioner.

Thyroid disorders can distinguish between dysfunction and deformity. Excess thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism), or deficiency of thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) including dysfunction. The visible deformity is the enlarged gland.

Generally thyroid disorder is characterized by enlargement of the thyroid gland, known to laymen with mumps. The main symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as, weight loss despite a lot of eating, excessive sweating, heart palpitations, and bulging eyes. Hyperthyroidism can cause impaired body functions, including heart rhythm disturbances and even heart failure.

The symptoms of hypothyroidism include weight gain, forgetfulness, frequent sleepiness despite adequate sleep, and can not stand the cold. Hypothyroid pregnant women need to be aware because it causes mental retardation in infants.

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