Muscles and Fascle of the Neck Parts

Muscles of the Neck

The muscle of the neck may be arranged into groups corresponding with the region in which they are situated.

These groups are nine in number:
Superficial cervical region
  1. Depressors of the Os Hyoides and Larynx
  2. Elevators of the Os Hyoides and Larynx
  3. Muscle of the Tongue
  4. Muscles of the Pharynx
  5. Muscles of the Soft Palate
  6. Muscles of the Anterior Vertebral Region
  7. Muscle of the Lateral Vertebral Region
  8. Muscle of the Larynx
The muscle contained in each of these groups is the following:
1. Supervisial Region
  • Platisma Myioides
  • Sterno-eleido-mastoid
2. Infra-Hyoid Region: Depressors of the Os hyoids and Larynx.
  • Sterno-hyoid
  • Sterno-thyroid
  • Thyro-hyoid
  • Omo-hyoid
3. Supra-Hyoid Region:
a. Elevators of the Os Hyoides and Larynx
  • Digastric
  • Stylo-hyoid
  • Mylo-hyoid
  • Genio-hyoid
4. Lingual Region:
a. Muscle of the Tongue
  • Genio-hyo-glossus
  • Hyo-glossus
  • Stylo-glossus
  • Palato-glossus
b. Muscles of the Pharynx
  • Inferior Constrictor
  • Middle constrictor
  • Superior constrictor
  • Stylo-pharyngeous
  • Palato-pharyngeous
c. Muscle of the Soft Palate
  • Lavator Palati
  • Tensor Palati
  • Azygos uvulae
  • Palato glossus
  • Salpingo-pharyngeus
5. Muscle of the Anterior Vertebral Region
  • Rectus capitis anticus major
  • Rectus capitis anticus minor
  • Rectus capitis lateralis
  • Longus colli
6. Muscle of the Lateral Vertebral Region
  • Scalenus anticus
  • Scalenus medius
  • Scalenus postieus
7. Muscle of the Larynx, included in the description of the Larynx.

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